According to legend, thousands of years ago, the famous wizard Merlin helped move the iconic Stonehenge structure from Ireland to the Salisbury plain in England. Although the legendary story was long ago classified as a mere fantasy tale, today it is believed that part of the legend may be true, as recently, archaeologists have discovered evidence that confirms that the structure was once in Waun Mawn, in the country Wales. This place was once Irish territory.
At Waun Mawn, site of a circle of dismantled Neolithic stones on the Preseli Hills of Pembrokeshire, researchers have come across a series of holes whose contours strongly embrace in western Wales the stone bases that are currently on the Salisbury Plain buried following the outline of a circle.
“This is the culmination of 20 years of research,” revealed Mike Parker Pearson, a University College London professor. “It is one of the most important discoveries I have ever made,” he points out.
Pearson’s research proves that the stones that make up the Stonehenge structure – built in five stages over 1,500 years, starting in 3,000 BC – actually originated in Wales, specifically in the Preseli Hills of Pembrokeshire. However, the suspicion that the revered circle of stones had been transferred to England did not come from the researcher. In fact, the intriguing idea ended in 1923, when geologist Herbert Thomas found a link between the Salisbury plain and Wales.
It was only in recent years that Pearson and his team decided to resolve the suspicion. “We needed to find an unquestionable source,” explained Pearson. “It was then that we decided to look for evidence in Wales that we could link, conclusively, to the rocks that are on the Salisbury plain.”
After some surveys, Waun Mawn became a potential study site, but the first surveys carried out in 2010 with the aid of a magnetometer and based on the Earth’s resistance, did not lead to any substantial information. “As the instruments showed us nothing substantial, we thought, at one point, that there was nothing that could prove the transfer of the structure.”
The conclusive evidence did not appear until after seven years of study when the researchers began to explore other areas of Waun Mawn. It was, therefore, only in 2017 that luck smiled on researchers. “To everyone’s delight, we discovered two stone holes, one at each end where Stonehenge was original.”
To make sure that the area where the revered stone circle was previously was really the original, Pearson and his team performed a soil measurement. They then analyzed the spacing of the holes and matched the base of the rocks on the Salisbury plain.
The study became even more precise when the researchers found a mark of a stone in the soil that, due to its pentagonal cross-section, ended up being considered the key piece of the research. The brand matched perfectly with the base of the largest stone in the original pillar. To not deal with any type of misunderstanding, the researchers carried out a computerized analysis, which confirmed that the brand perfectly combined the main stone that forms the Stonehenge structure.
Furthermore, Pearson and his team were also able to prove that the stone circle at Waun Mawn corresponded to the ditch’s diameter that surrounds Stonehenge on the Salisbury Plain. “This is the most exciting thing we’ve ever encountered,” said Pearson.