One of the most well-known natural disasters in history is the eruption of the Vesuvius volcano. The eruption took place on August 24, 79 AD, causing volcanic lava, dust, and toxic smoke to cover the entire city of Pompeii. The Roman city was located in the Naples region, in southern Italy. In addition to it, the neighboring towns of Herculano and Stabia were also affected by the eruption.
After this disaster, the city was buried and forgotten. Until its rediscovery, made by archaeologists in the middle of the 18th century. Archaeological excavations, carried out in the region, revealed thousands of fossilized bodies shaped by the ashes. It is estimated that about two thousand people, who lived in the Pompeii region, died.
When Vesuvius erupted, it released an amount of thermal energy similar to approximately 100,000 atomic bombs equal to those dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The cities most affected by the eruption were Pompeii and Herculaneum. And since the rediscovery of the cities, several archaeologists go to the site that is open for visitation.
The eruption of Mount Vesuvius, to this day, fascinates scholars. And because of this fascination, research and studies are still being done in the region and are capable of revealing unprecedented things.
Such as this four-wheeled carriage that was found near a stable where three horses were discovered in 2018. According to what experts believe, this carriage was probably used in festivities and parades.
This discovery was described as being “exceptional” and being “in an excellent state of preservation”. The carriage was found on a two-story portico that was attached to stables. She was in an old village in Civita Giuliana, which was just north of the city walls.
According to a statement, the ceremonial carriage has “iron components, beautiful bronze, and brass decorations. As well as ropes and floral decoration discovered “almost intact”.
The carriage first appeared during excavations on January 7. And archaeologists said it took weeks before the discovery could be released.
According to them, the fragility of the materials involved made their efforts very complex. Having to use special techniques, such as plaster modeling, to be able to dig it up without having any damage.
According to the authorities, the carriage was a discovery unparalleled by other finds in Italy. “This is an extraordinary discovery that advances our understanding of the ancient world,” said Massimo Osanna, director of the site, in a statement.
Experts believe that this discovered vehicle is, in fact, a pilentum. That is a ceremonial four-wheeled carriage. Osanna said that some of the ornate decorations on the carriage refer to its use for community festivities. Among these activities, it was possibly also used for weddings.
“Considering that the ancient sources allude to the use of pileum by priestesses and ladies, the possibility that this could have been a chariot used for wedding-related rituals when taking the bride to her new home cannot be ruled out,” he said.
As Italy’s Minister of Culture, Dario Franceschini, said, Pompeii “continues to surprise us with his discoveries and will do so for many years, with 20 hectares yet to be unearthed ”.